Job interviews in Greece can range from quite professional to downright insulting.
A Kathimerini article detailed the interviewing experiences of three Greek candidates, and I can tell you that my experience as a non-Greek is the same and worse in some cases. The process has changed little over the last 10 years.
Preparing for a job interview
Everyone at my high school received a semester of instruction on how to create a CV, search for a job, answer ads, network and customize a cover letter, in addition to phone etiquette, proper dress and interviewing techniques (mock and real). The class was a requirement for sophomore year, with the expectation that most of us would get part-time jobs to start saving for college or at least get job experience in case we weren’t continuing our university education.
At the university I attended, we were again versed on proper dress, customizing CVs and cover letters, networking, how to sell ourselves and make informed choices that would permanently impact our career. No doubt it was for our benefit, but it also impacted our university in that well-known organizations came to recruit us, and we were expected to uphold its reputation by being the best candidates in the nation.
None of this applies or does much good in Greece, in fact this type of styling is only now being recognized and marketed by savvy entrepreneurs as a paid service, since none of these things are taught in school.
A majority of people do not have CVs, don’t know how to create one or how to dress for a job interview. Many get their jobs through relatives or friends, and there are employers who pay little attention to CVs, skills and experience or dress code.
If you need help with creating a CV, please see BBC’s excellent guide “How to write a CV.” Note that a Curriculum Vitae or CV is different than a resumé from countries such as the USA. And if the Greek employer requests that you send a photo, it’s because your physical appearance is important to him and you will be judged or discriminated against as such.
Job interviews in Greece
Getting a job interview with a good company can sometimes be more difficult in Greece since many positions are never advertised or advertised but filled with a candidate with connections. The job market is not a level playing field, but it doesn’t mean you shouldn’t do your best.
Based on questions from readers, I’ve focused on 10 job interviewing tips:
1. How to dress:
Choosing what to wear to an interview depends on the job for which you’ve applied. Wearing a suit or clean cut outfit to an office, public sector or other service job interview still makes a better impression than short skirts, jeans and club wear.
Some employers see people who dress too nicely (Gucci, CK, D&G) as not needing a good salary, though dressing too casually is seen as not being presentable enough to hire. It’s a fine line.
Many Greeks wear black, which is frowned on by other countries but seen as “formal” here. When several dozen gather for career fairs, it looks like a cross between a funeral or club opening due to the range of skirt lengths, shoe heel heights and state of dress (leather jackets, designer jeans, khakis, hooded jackets and shorts). Don’t follow their example. It’s still inappropriate and unprofessional.
2. Go alone
This might seem like a no-brainer to most people, but I’ve seen people bring friends, cousins, boyfriends/girlfriends or their spouse. Not only is it unprofessional, but it’s also immature. If they gave you a ride or came along for moral support, don’t let them come into the establishment with you, even if they wait in the office lobby; have them wait outside the building, downstairs or in the car.
3. Be on time:
It’s important to arrive early or on time, even if your interviewer is late. Map out your route in advance via public transportation or arrange an appointment with a radio taxi; plan for delays and don’t take chances on the street.
Arriving early is a good idea to recover from the journey and calm down, instead of rushing in breathless.
4. Turn off or silence your cell phone
After you arrive at your destination, power down your cell phone or put it on silent mode. A potential employer may want to hire you, so it’s time to concentrate on the task at hand. It doesn’t make you look important to get calls during an interview; it makes you look unprofessional, self-important and stupid.
5. What to say:
Greet your interviewer with a smile, shake their hand and introduce yourself. Answer questions honestly, be nice and have some questions of your own to show interest in the company/position (research in advance, read the news); the latter can also be used as a way to direct attention away from personal info and back to professional questions, which is the point of the interview. Some light marketing is expected to prove you’re the best person to hire, but don’t overdo it since boasting about qualifications and personal success is considered arrogant.
I have a copy of my CV and take notes in case the interviewer wishes to review something or reveals a salary figure or list of responsibilities. It’s especially handy when an employer changes the terms after hiring.
Thank them for their time when you leave, no matter what.
6. Personal questions:
It’s up to you whether you feel comfortable answering personal questions, which will almost certainly be asked and is not considered politically incorrect or invasive. My only advice is to not lie because you’ll be caught later on if you’re hired.
Be aware that being overly friendly may not get you into an employer’s good graces and work against you, but shutting down is not acceptable either. Err on the side of cordial politeness with short answers.
7. Tests or tasks:
If you can see it’s a standardized test to complete onsite, it’s probably OK to agree. If it looks like real work or a take-home test, the employer is most likely tricking you into doing work for free, and it doesn’t mean you’ll get the job. Read “Job ads in Greece vs. other countries” to see what happened when three people performed “tests.”
8. Alcohol, smoking, bad jokes, insults, passes:
Things that don’t happen in other countries will happen here. An interviewer may smoke, crack off-color jokes (racist, $exual, anti-something), say outright that your Greek language skills are horrible, or offer you food or a shot of whiskey.
Politely laugh at jokes and cringe later in private, never mind if someone smokes but don’t yourself, don’t be shaken by insults or an employer hitting on you, and go with your gut instinct. In most developed countries, a job candidate or employee is seen as less intelligent if he/she talks about, holds or drinks an alcoholic beverage while on an interview or business lunch, but in Greece this is sometimes not the case.
Following up with a letter or phone call isn’t done here, and likewise no one will contact you unless a job offer is being made.
If they invite you back to complete tests or a second, third or fourth interview, you must decide if you really want the job enough to endure or instead spend your time looking for something better, as it could go on for months with no result.
Be nice to everyone on the phone and in person. The person who calls you for an interview or greets you at the front desk may eventually be a co-worker, and you never know the level of influence they have. My boss always asked my opinion about who I liked and why before hiring anyone, even though I was not his secretary or part of HR.
Call to cancel your interview if you don’t plan to show up. I realize that many don’t, however if you want to one day apply at that same company, be aware that some people keep notes under your name and will not invite you back based on past behavior.
Now take a look at the Kathimerini article.
“Companies basically want someone to work until 9:00 p.m. for 500 euros a month”
Most job-seekers are 30 years old or older, educated and earning about 700 euros a month, often with degrees from Greek or foreign universities.
Job interviews are a two-way street and job candidates get a good idea of the firm and its corporate image from the person interviewing him or her.
Most agree that a good interviewer doesn’t talk much but listens carefully. A poor interviewer nearly always seems bored or else talks too much. When he starts talking about himself, it is usually because he is interviewing an attractive woman.
“Our parents’ generation has forgotten what it’s like to be an outsider. We want a starting chance,” said Dionysia, 27, a graduate in public relations who has gone on about 10 job interviews.
“When the process drags on, it’s very demoralizing. I’ve had to go through repeated interviews and tests over a four-month period at one firm. I would wait by the phone for it to ring. I appreciate it when the interviewer is polite and friendly, treats me with respect and makes me feel at ease yet keeps the appropriate distance. I want to be asked appropriate questions, even if they are difficult, but not for someone to underestimate me or assume a superior manner to lower my morale. I remember one interview that went on for two hours. Just chatting, nothing at all serious. The director almost monopolized the conversation and kept saying how he wanted to work with ‘beautiful people.’ Another typical example I remember was an interviewer who was probably trying to find out if I was likely to get bored and eventually leave, because my CV indicated I was overqualified. So why did they call me in? Anyway, what company doesn’t want someone who is more capable than they expect?”
Dimitris, 28, said companies basically want someone who will work until 9 p.m. for 500 euros a month, who doesn’t care about money but just wants to learn the work. Having completed postgraduate studies, he is looking for a job in human resources, and so far has been to eight interviews.
“I apply for every job I see advertised that is in my field of expertise. The longest interview I have had lasted 50 minutes, the shortest less than 10 minutes. That was the final interview with the general director of a multinational company. I think he was in a hurry because we hardly had time to say anything. Generally, most interviewers seem to have read my CV. Some take notes and listen carefully. Others seem bored and want to finish up quickly with just the formalities. All of them say they’ll be in touch but that has only happened once, by letter. I was impressed, even if it was only a formality. The worst was once when I was told the interviewer would be with me ‘in a minute’ and I ended up waiting an hour. I don’t really think they can get to see what I am like during an interview.”
Antonis, 31, was once asked by an interviewer if he was an “opportunist,” and if he was, then he wasn’t wanted.
He is already working in the field for which he was trained, economics, but is trying to get a better position. Since the beginning of his career, he has been to 30 interviews.
“The shortest was just five minutes. The interviewer hadn’t read my CV and talked about another job that I hadn’t applied for. There was some embarrassment, and he apologized, saying his secretary had mixed them up and that he would call me back. He never did.”
“The best was with a multinational with just a small branch in Greece. The interviewer talked to me as if I were a friend – that helps you open up… Unfortunately, very few firms bother about candidates’ professional qualifications.”
* Article last updated September 9, 2010