All individuals not holding citizenship from one of the 28 EU member states listed below is a non-EU citizen.
Croatia as of July 1, 2013
Norway, Switzerland, Iceland and Liechtenstein are non-EU countries.
However, citizens of Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein have the right of free movement within the EU because their countries signed the European Economic Area (EEA) Agreement; and Swiss nationals enjoy certain rights and privileges through a bilateral agreement with the EU.
Being a non-EU citizen in Greece
Many authorities and ordinary people believe that Americans, Australians and Canadians are not non-EU citizens on par with Russian, Albanian, Pakistani and Moroccan citizens, when in fact they are. Greece classifies all non-EU citizens the same, regardless of nationality.
Therefore, all must abide by the same laws and regulations and navigate the same bureaucratic channels.
In theory, Greek and non-Greek EU citizens are the same, though in the majority of cases even native Greeks have the advantage over Greeks from abroad.
Non-EU citizens — no matter how educated, skilled or fluent in several languages — are lowest in the hierarchy of competitiveness on the (legal) job market purely because of laws governing residence/work permits. This is understandable since Greece and the entire EU must look after its citizens first.
The only indication of preferential treatment I’ve witnessed on a consistent basis is when passport control allows Americans, Canadians and Australians to pass with barely a glance if plagued by long lines at the airport.
At the municipality and other public sector offices, I’m treated the same despite having friendly long-term relationships with officials who know my name, history and friends. Bureaucracy is bureaucracy, and I’d expect nothing less.